Tanatology is the doctrine of death. Forensic Medicine

Forensic medicine and anatology is aimed at studying the dynamics and stages of dying. One of the most important parts of this science is tanatogenesis, which determines the true causes and mechanisms of death, and also allows us to create a more perfect classification of the circumstances of human dying.

Concept of Death

Death is a stopping of life. It occurs as a result of the cessation of the functioning of all organs and is irreversible. Due to the lack of oxygen, the cells of the body die, and the blood stops ventilating. If the heart stops, blood stops performing its functions, which results in damage to the tissues.


Tanatology is the doctrine of death. Forensic Medicine

General concepts of tanathology

Tanatology is a science that manages the laws of dying. She is also studying changes in body work and tissue damage as a result of this process. Forensic medicine and anatomy acts as part of a basic science that examines the process of death and its consequences for the whole organism in the interests and purposes of the investigati
on or for the examination. During the transition of a living organism to death, it feels different terminal states: predagonal( with a lack of oxygen), a terminal pause( sharp stop of the functions of the respiratory system), agonal and clinical death. The latter comes as a result of heart failure and stomach coughing. An organism is between life and death, and at the same time all its metabolic processes fade away. Since dying is natural after the end of human life in old age, forensic medicine examines cases of premature death caused by the influence of various environmental factors.
Tanatology is the doctrine of death. Forensic Medicine
After a clinical death, biological death occurs, resulting in irreversible changes in the cerebral cortex. In the hospital conditions, the conclusion about premature death is easier than outside it, in the absence of special tools and devices. Representatives of the authorities often use the term "moment of death", which judiciary estimates as the exact time of its onset.


Signs of Death

In order to establish the exact time of end of life, you need to know the signs of death that are studyinganatology. This is primarily aimed at: real estate, lack of pulse and respiration, pallor, complete lack of reactions to various types of influences. There are also significant signs: the temperature drops to 20 °, Larshi spots appear, early and late corpulent changes develop( the appearance of stains, chills, rotting, and others).

Reanimation and transplantation

Tanatology is the doctrine of death. Forensic Medicine
Reanimation measures are taken to save human life when the body functions lose their ability to work. In this process, injuries can be irreparable and damage due to inaccuracy or incompetence of doctors. Trial anatolia is aimed at revealing the circumstances of death as a result of resuscitation measures, which makes it possible to assess the injuries and help to further investigation. The task of an expert is to determine the severity of injuries and their role in the process of dying.
The essence of transplantation is the transplantation of organs and tissues from one to another patient. The law provides that this measure can only be carried out if there is no chance of preserving life and normalizing the health of the donor. In the case of craniocerebral injury, if there is no hope of survival, resuscitation can be done to preserve other organs that can be used for transplantation. Thus, the bone marrow can return to normal functioning for 4 hours, and the skin, bone, tendons up to the day( in most cases 19-20 hours).
Tanatology is the doctrine of death. Forensic Medicine
Fundamentals of Tanatology determine the conditions and procedures for transplantation and removal of organs that have to be carried out in public health authorities. The transfer is carried out only with the consent of the two parties involved in the transaction. It is prohibited to use the donor biomaterial if in the course of his life he was against it or his relatives have shown their disagreement. The removal of organs is possible only with the permission of the head of the department of forensic examination, and in the presence of the expert himself. In this case, the procedure should not in any way lead to a corpse's distortion. Since theanatology is a doctrine of death, organs and tissues extracted during the examination process can be used as educational and educational material. This requires the permission of a forensic examiner who has examined this corpse.

Death Categories

Death Science Deals Only Two Death Categories:
  • Forced. Occurs as a result of injuries and damages of water by the influence of some kind of environmental factors. These can be mechanical actions, chemical, physical, and others.
  • Non-violent. It occurs under the influence of physiological processes, such as the onset of old age, death sickness or premature childbirth, as a result of which the fetus has no chance of survival.
  • Causes of Forced and Non-Forced Death

    Tanatology is the doctrine of death. Forensic Medicine
    Forced causes of death can be due to three reasons, according to science and theatology. It's a murder, a suicide or an accident. Forensic medical experts are involved in determining what kind of case each case applies. In this case, they inspect the place of the event and collect evidence of the causes of death. These actions help to confirm that the end of life came violently.
    The second category includes sudden and sudden death. In the first case, the end of life occurs as a result of the illness. In particular, at which the diagnosis was made, but there were no valid reasons for death. In the second case, dying can come from an illness that proceeds without any symptoms.

    Types of deaths

    Tanatology is the doctrine of death. Forensic Medicine
    Anatomy defines the types of death depending on the factors leading to its onset. Thus, the forced end of life can include the impact of electric current and temperatures, incompatible with survival, mechanical damage and asphyxiation. Sudden death can be caused by diseases of various organs with various complications that lead to fatal outcome. Due to the fact that in the present conditions a large number of medicines are used and various types of operations are carried out, the clarification of tanatogenesis is possible with a deep analysis and examination of the corpse at the intersection of a group of specialists.